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2 posts tagged with "deep neural network"

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· 2 min read


Predicting future blood glucose (BG) levels for diabetic patients will help them avoid potentially critical health issues. We demonstrate the use of machine learning models to predict future blood glucose levels given a history of blood glucose values as the single input parameter. We propose an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model with time-domain attributes to predict blood glucose levels 15, 30, 45 and 60 min in the future. Initially, the model’s features are selected based on the previous 30 min of BG measurements before a trained model is generated for each patient. These features are combined with time-domain attributes to give additional inputs to the proposed ANN. The prediction model was tested on 12 patients with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and the results were compared with other data-driven models including the Support Vector Regression (SVR), K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), C4.5 Decision Tree (DT), Random Forest (RF), Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost) and eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) models. Our results show that the proposed BG prediction model that is based on an ANN outperformed all other models with an average Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 2.82, 6.31, 10.65 and 15.33 mg/dL for Prediction Horizons (PHs) of 15, 30, 45 and 60 min, respectively. Our testing showed that combining time-domain attributes into the input data resulted in enhanced performance of majority of prediction models. The implementation of proposed prediction model allows patients to obtain future blood glucose levels, so that the preventive alerts can be generated before critical hypoglycemic/ hyperglycemic events occur.

Published in: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbe.2020.10.004

· One min read


Extracting information from individual risk factors provides an effective way to identify diabetes risk and associated complications, such as retinopathy, at an early stage. Deep learning and machine learning algorithms are being utilized to extract information from individual risk factors to improve early-stage diagnosis. This study proposes a deep neural network (DNN) combined with recursive feature elimination (RFE) to provide early prediction of diabetic retinopathy (DR) based on individual risk factors. The proposed model uses RFE to remove irrelevant features and DNN to classify the diseases. A publicly available dataset was utilized to predict DR during initial stages, for the proposed and several current best-practice models. The proposed model achieved 82.033% prediction accuracy, which was a significantly better performance than the current models. Thus, important risk factors for retinopathy can be successfully extracted using RFE. In addition, to evaluate the proposed prediction model robustness and generalization, we compared it with other machine learning models and datasets (nephropathy and hypertension–diabetes). The proposed prediction model will help improve early-stage retinopathy diagnosis based on individual risk factors.

Published in: Mathematics
DOI: 10.3390/math8091620